Diagrams & Terminology

Saya – The scabbard.

Tsuka – The Handle
Tsuka-Ito – The braid for wrapping the handle.
Mekugi – The pin which holds the handle to the sword.
Tsuba – The handguard.
Fuchi – The cap at the end of the tsuka where it meets the tsuba.
Kashira – The pommel at the end of the handle.
Sageo – The cord used to secure the sword to the obi (belt).
Saguri – the ornament which helps secure the scabbard when drawn.
Kurikata – The knob through which the sageo is passed.
Same – The ray skin which wraps handles under the tsuka-ito.

Kojiri – the ornament at the end of the scabbard.

Mune – The back of the sword.
Kissaki – The point of the sword
Boshi – The shape of the temper in the point.
Yokote – Line separating the point from the sword.
Shinogi – The ridge line running the length of the blade.
Shinogi-Ji – the part of the blade between the Shinogi and the Mune (back) of the blade.
Yakiba – the tempered edge of the blade
Ha – The cutting edge of the sword
Ji – The area between the Shinogi-ji and the Yakiba

Nakago – The tang of the blade.
Nakago-Jiri – the end of the Nakago.
Mune-Machi – The notch on the back of the blade to stop the Habaki (Collar).
Ha-Machi – The notch on the cutting edge of the blade to stop the Habaki.
Mei – The makers signature.
Mekugi-Ana – The hole in the Nakago for the Mekugi.